Are Daddy Longlegs Really the Most Poisonous Spiders In the World?
A widespread myth holds that daddy longlegs, also known as granddaddy longlegs or harvestmen, are the most venomous spiders in the world. We're only safe from their bite, we are told, because their fangs are too small and weak to break through human skin. It turns out that the notion is false on both counts. But a little clarification is needed.
According to entomologists at the University of California, Riverside, the term "daddy longlegs" is commonly used to refer to two distinct types of creatures: opilionids arachnids with pill-shape bodies and eight long legs that are actually not spiders, and pholcids, which have long legs and small bodies, and thus resemble opilionids, but which are true spiders.
Opilionids true daddy longlegs live in moist, dark places and eat mostly decomposing vegetable and